The United Arab Emirates (UAE) consists of a federation of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Ras Al Khaimah and Fujairah. The UAE has a total area of 83.600km² and a population of 9.6 million (of which approx. 88% are foreigners). Ras Al Khaimah joined in 1972. The Emirate of Abu Dhabi is the capital and most important political centre. Abu Dhabi and Dubai coin the picture for people abroad. The political system is based on an appropriate representation of the different ruling families in the seven Emirates at the federal level. The central figure is the President, who is located in Abu Dhabi.
With a relatively small local population of around 250,000 (around 10% of the country’s population) and substantial revenues generated from having the third-largest proven natural gas reserves globally, Qatar has one of the world’s highest GDP per capita. As the first and only Arab nation ever to host the FIFA World Cup in 2022, the country has witnessed considerable changes in its economy and infrastructure in the last decade.
The Sultanate Oman is located in the southeast region on the Arabian peninsula and borders Yemen in the south, Saudi-Arabia in the west and the UAE in the north. The Sultanate has 1800 km of coastal line and adjoins the Sea of Oman in the north and the Arabian Sea in the east. Its total area comprises 309,500 km. Oman’s population is 3.8 million people whereby 55% are Omanis and 45% foreigners. Arabic and English are the official business languages. Since the inauguration of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said in 1970 Oman has undertaken an astonishing turn towards modernity while maintaining its rich cultural heritage and traditions. Moreover the government pursues ambitious plans to diversify the economy and hence, to reduce its dependency from fossil fuels. It also persecutes the aim to further develop the privatization, for instance in the telecommunication and energy sector.
The Republic of Iraq with its capital Baghdad is located in the Middle East and shares borders with Kuwait, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Iran and Saudi Arabia. The northern part of the country forms the Autonomous Kurdistan Region with its capital city “Erbil”. 36 Million people live in an area of over 400.000 km² with 75% Arabs, 20% Kurds and 5% other ethnicities. Approximately 40% of the population is between 25 and 64 years old. The official spoken languages are Kurdish and Arabic, although English is common within business community and especially among younger generation. President Abadi has ruled Central Iraq since 2014 and President Barzani has ruled the Autonomous Region of Kurdistan since 2005. The Kurdistan Region has been partially autonomous since 1979; its autonomy is recognized in the Iraqi constitution since 2005.
Kuwait is a small country (17,818 square kilometers) and is located at the Northwest corner of the Arabian Gulf, bordering Saudi Arabia and Iraq. Kuwait’s 4,1 Mio inhabitants (estimate GTAI 2014) consist of 31,3% Kuwaitis, 37,8% South Asians, 27,9% Arabs, 1,9% Africans and 1,1% Western expats. Besides Arabic, English is the most important business language. Kuwait is a constitutional monarchy and has the oldest directly elected parliament among the Arab states of the Persian/Arabian Gulf. Amir Sabah al-Ahmad al Jabir al Sabah (since 29 January 2006) and the Crown Prince Nawaf al-Ahmad al-Jabir al Sabah are chief of State.
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German Emirati Joint Council for Industry and Commerce (AHK)
Abu Dhabi, UAEPhone +971-2-6455200Email
Dubai, UAEPhone +971-4-4470100Email
German Industry and Commerce Office (AHK)
Doha, QatarPhone +974-44311152Email
Muscat, OmanPhone +968-24498701Email